Classical Agora

During the Classical Times, Agora was the centre of the social and political life of Athens. Public buildings, sanctuaries and fountain houses were constructed. The area between these buildings, used for feasts and athletic games, was filled with statues and altars.

5th century BCE



The Agora during the 5th century BCE: 1. Basileios Stoa, 2.Stoa of Zeus Eleutherios, 3. Temple of Hephaestus, 4. New Bouleuterion, 5. Old Bouleuterion, 6. Tholos, 7. Eponymous Heroes monument, 8. Aiakeion, 9. South Stoa I, 10. Southeast fountain house, 11. The Mint, 12. Courts, 13. Stoa Poikile.

Immediately after the Persian Wars, the Athenians started to rebuilt their city and the Agora. They focused their attention to the construction of several public buildings. Three stoas were built: Basileios, Zeus Eleutherios and Poikile. The last one later became the base of the stoic philosophers. A new Bouleuterion was built near the older one and a round building, the Tholos, that was used as a dinning room for the elected Deputies. On the southern side, between the Aiakeion and the archaic fountain house, a very long stoa, the so-called “South Stoa I” was erected in order to serve as a market.  A little further to the east was the mint of Athens and the Eleusinion (the sanctuary of goddess Demeter and her daughter Persephone). The northeast side was dominated by the grounds of an open-air courthouse. In the west was the Temple of Hephaestus (Hephaesteion), the now knwon as Theseion.

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